People (not resident of city Makkah) who wish to come to Makkah from far in order to perform Umrah, will have to wear Ihram from any one of the selected Meeqat (sacred places appointed by Shariah). There are five places (meeqats) at some distance from the City Makkah that pilgrims should not cross before they enter in the sacred state of Ihram if they intend to enter Masjid-al-Haram for performing Umrah or Hajj. These stations or points are called Meeqats. These are the boundaries that should not be cross without wearing Ihram if a person is intending to perform Umrah or Hajj. Stations of Meeqat are discussing below.
Dhu’l-Hulaifah: This meeqat is about 9 kilometres from city Madina and about 450 kilometres from city Makkah. Dhu’l-Hulaifah is the meeqat for those who people who lives in Madina and for those people who intend to approach city Makkah to perform Umrah from that direction. Nowadays it is well known as Abrar Ali; a person who wishes to perform Umrah or Hajj from this route should have to wear Ihram at this meeqat.
Qarn al-Manazil: This meeqat is a hilly place and mountainous spot about 90 kilometers to the east of Makkah.
Juhfah: This is meeqat that is about 190 kilometres to the northwest of city Makkah. This is the meeqat for those people who are coming from the direction of Syria, North Africa, Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan.
Dhat Irq: This station of meeqat is approx 85 kilometres towards the northeast side of city Makkah. This is the meeqat for the native of Iran, Iraq and also for those peoples coming from the similar direction. This station of meeqat is usually used during the days of Hajj on the way from Holy Makkah to Kufa.
Yalamlam: This meeqat is a hilly or mountainous area about 50 kilometres to the southeast of city Makkah. This is the meeqat is selected for the people of Yemen and others coming from that route. It is the meeqat for also those pilgrims who are coming from China, Japan, India, and Pakistan by ship (sea route).
The area outside the Haram Shareef, the sacred land on which the City of Makkah located, is known as al-Hill. Muslims who enter the area of Haram on business or for any other purposes do not need the ihram before entering the City Makkah until and unless they have the intention (niyyat) to perform Umrah or Hajj. Muslims coming to city Makkah with the intention (niyyat) of performing Hajj or Umrah must not cross the station of Meeqat without entering into the sacred state of Ihram.
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